parallels the dialectic because it is in control through endless interjected cognitions (Carl Rogers) especially the one were endless questionable causal relationships add up to a single super, or meta, cognition. Also especially interesting is how metacognition is used as a straight word-replacement for executive function and working memory. (In that way, metacognition will show up on an fMRI where the pre-frontal cortex used to be.) Also important is the metacognitive adaptation to mental trauma, which, in short, is "hurt people hurt." This follows the absorption of Rogers' theraputic relationship as the "alliance" and (everyone's) empathy, which, of course, the metacognitiveists don't have--otherwise they would be humanistic. We need to look at the metacognitivist absorption of Rogers' humanism as a red herring to disguise recent bonding with old-school psychoanalysis (re-parenting as transference) for access to (the ultimately-cognitive) rational reduction--the historical dialectic. Every normal person in their hearts knows that this hair-brained headache is to be avoided (albeit a fatal mistake), but this is not about the normal; metacogntion, by its definition, is synthetic and thus about the unnatural--the abnormal--a genetic fork.
..in the Information Society
The metacognitive is showing up in Web 2.0 (O'Reilly Nutshell Books) where behaviorism used to be in common advertising; perhaps the metacogntivie parallels metaphysics (where meta means super and physics applies to natural topics such as in medicine and physics--thus the supernatural), or, alternatively, it can come from Beck's meta-study (which is the reduction of masses of data to support a single conclusion). Combining these, metacognition in advertising would be the "guided" rationally-reduction of masses of introjection (already in the human brain) towards a single purchase.